B an agency, department, commission, board, or other entity of the United States; or C an instrumentality of the United States. Queen Elizabeth controls and has amended U.
This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. Please help us clarify the section. There might be a discussion about this on the talk page. October Learn how and when to remove this template message Independent agencies can be distinguished from the federal executive departments and other executive agencies by their structural and functional characteristics.
The president appoints the commissioners or board memberssubject to Senate confirmation, but they often serve terms that are staggered and longer than a four-year presidential term,  meaning that most presidents will not have the opportunity to appoint all the commissioners of a given independent agency.
The president can normally designate which commissioner will serve as the chairperson. In contrast, the president can remove regular executive agency heads at will. If the independent agency exercises any executive powers like enforcement, and most of them do, Congress cannot participate in the regular removal process of commissioners.
Congress can, however, pass statutes limiting the circumstances under which the president can remove commissioners of independent agencies. Regulatory agencies[ edit ] There is a further distinction between an independent agency and an independent regulatory agency. The Paperwork Reduction Act lists 19 enumerated "independent regulatory agencies".
Generally, the heads of independent regulatory agencies can only be removed for cause, whereas Cabinet members and heads of executive agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agencyserve "at the pleasure of the president".
It acts as the primary human intelligence provider for the federal government. The agency protects market participants against manipulation, abusive trade practices, and fraud. Through oversight and regulation, the CFTC enables the markets to serve better their important functions in the US economy, providing a mechanism for price discovery and a means of offsetting price risk.
Its jurisdiction includes banks, credit unions, securities firms, payday lendersmortgage-servicing operationsforeclosure relief services, debt collectorsother financial companies in the United States. The Environmental Protection Agency EPA works with state and local governments throughout the United States to control and abate environmental pollution and to address problems related to solid waste, pesticidesradiation, and toxic substances.
The EPA sets and enforces standards for air, soil and water quality, evaluates the impact of pesticides and chemical substances, and manages the Superfund program for cleaning toxic waste sites. The Federal Communications Commission FCC is charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
It licenses radio and television broadcast stations, assigns radio frequencies, and enforces regulations designed to ensure that cable rates are reasonable. The FCC regulates common carriers, such as telephone and telegraph companies, as well as wireless telecommunications service providers.
The Commission oversees election rules as well as reporting of campaign contributions by the candidates.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FERC is the United States federal agency with jurisdiction over interstate electricity sales, wholesale electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural gas pricing, and oil pipeline rates.
FERC also reviews and authorizes liquefied natural gas LNG terminals, interstate natural gas pipelines, and non-federal hydropower projects. It is charged with ensuring a competitive and efficient ocean transportation system. The Federal Reserve regulates private banking institutions, works to contain systemic risk in financial markets, and provides certain financial services to the federal government, the public, and financial institutions.
It was established to administer the Thrift Savings Plan TSPwhich provides federal employees the opportunity to save for additional retirement security. The Thrift Savings Plan is a tax-deferred defined contribution plan similar to a private sector k plan.
The Federal Trade Commission FTC enforces federal antitrust and consumer protection laws by investigating complaints against individual companies initiated by consumers, businesses, congressional inquiries, or reports in the media.
The General Services Administration GSA is responsible for the purchase, supply, operation, and maintenance of federal property, buildings, and equipment, and for the sale of surplus items.
GSA also manages the federal motor vehicle fleet and oversees telecommuting centers and civilian child care centers.
The International Trade Commission ITC provides trade expertise to both the legislative and executive branches of the federal government, determines the impact of imports on US industries, and directs actions against certain unfair trade practices, such as patent, trademark, and copyright infringement.
The holdings of the National Archives include original textual materials, motion picture films, sound and video recordings, maps, still pictures, and computer data. It is responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The NRC oversees reactor safety and security, reactor licensing and renewal, radioactive material safety, and spent fuel management storage, security, recycling, and disposal.
The National Science Foundation NSF supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
Provides regulatory oversight over the activities of the United States Postal Service. Federal laws require companies that plan to raise money by selling their own securities to file reports about their operations with the SEC, so that investors have access to all material information. The commission has powers to prevent or punish fraud in the sale of securities and is authorized to regulate stock exchanges.An official website of the United States government.
Help You can improve your search results if you update and use your preferences. Update your preferences. USAJOBS is a Opens in a new window United States Office of Personnel Management website. United States Government. Learn about the form and functions of the US government with detailed articles, extensive study guides, homework helpers, and clear, unbiased analysis of politics and policy.
The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) is in a serious financial crisis and, as mail volume continues to decline, has not generated sufficient revenue to cover its expenses and financial obligations. The Postal Service received: Operational authority vested in a Board of Governors and Postal Service executive management, rather than in Congress.
Authority to issue public bonds to finance postal buildings and mechanization. Direct collective bargaining between representatives of management and the unions. A new rate-setting procedure, built around an independent Postal Rate Commission.
The . The Postal Act of requires the Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC) to submit a report to the President and Congress on universal postal service and the postal monopoly in December This report must include the scope of universal service and the postal monopoly under current law, the scope.
The U.S. Postal Service likes to boast that it is the nation’s most trusted government agency. It certainly has the trust of dope dealers. A report by the Postal Service Office of Inspector.