Overview[ edit ] In ancient times, abortion, along with infanticidewas considered in the context of family planninggender selection, population control, and the property rights of the patriarch. Then, as now, these discussions often concerned the nature of man, the existence of a soul, when life begins, and the beginning of human personhood. While the practice of infanticide as a form of family planning has largely been eradicated in developed countries, birth control and abortion are still practiced; and their morality and legality continues to be debated.
The gender equality argument for abortion March 13, Paul Stark Some people argue that gender equality requires legalized abortion. After all, the challenges of pregnancy and childbirth fall on women but not on men.
Only with access to abortion, then, can women be truly equal and free to determine the course of their lives. Some legal scholars, including U. Equality under the law, they say, requires abortion access.
This argument does not withstand scrutiny. First, unequal burdens don't justify the killing of innocent human beings. The burdens of caring for five-year-old children, for example, fall disproportionately on the parents of five-year-old children. But clearly they are not wrong.
Likewise, the challenges of pregnancy fall on women and not men, and a law against killing unborn children by abortion would impact women in a way that it does not impact men. But such a law would not be unjust for that reason.
Laws may affect people differently given different circumstances, but that does not mean that they treat people differently. Everyone should be equally prohibited from killing innocent human beings.
This prohibition is not gender-specific. Second, men and women are equally morally responsible for their offspring, even though this obligation can take different forms women, by virtue of reproductive biology, uniquely gestate children.
Men can more easily run from their parental duties than women, but the solution to this dereliction is not to authorize the killing of human beings before they are born which is a further dereliction. Rather, men must accept responsibility and be held responsible by law when necessary.
Third, the argument from gender equality seems to presuppose that pregnancy is a disability and that pregnant women need surgery abortion to become equal to men. This view effectively disparages women and their reproductive powers while elevating men to the paradigm of human sexuality.
Is this a flattering view of women? Smith in her essay " Abortion as a Feminist Concern. Placing a child for adoption, though, is an ethical and life-affirming way to relinquish responsibility, and pregnancy care centersgovernment programs, and other forms of assistance enable women in need to meet the challenges of pregnancy and parenthood.
But more can and should be done to accommodate the essential role mothers play in our society. Abortion, however, is a rejection of equal human dignity, not an affirmation of it, because it takes the life of an innocent human person. Legalized abortion excludes an entire class of human beings from the protection of the law by allowing them to be dismembered and killed at the discretion of others.
There is no equality in abortion.Nov 08, · Wade, the issue of a woman’s right to an abortion has fostered one of the most contentious moral and political debates in America. Opponents of abortion rights argue that life begins at conception – making abortion tantamount to homicide.
Abortion is in direct defiance of the commonly accepted idea of the sanctity of human life; No civilized society permits one human to intentionally harm or take the life of another human without punishment, and abortion is no different.
Adoption is a viable alternative to abortion and accomplishes the same result. • Argument: "Abortion is permissible when a fetus is not 'viable.' A fetus that is incapable of sustaining life outside the womb is not a viable . The Guttmacher Institute reported that 45% of all women having abortions every year have had at least one previous abortion, while % of abortions reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in were undergone by women who had three or more previous abortions.
WHY ABORTION ON DEMAND IS LEGAL IN AMERICA. It is important that the reader understand the current legal status of abortion in America. There seems to be a widespread perception that the Supreme Court decision Roe v.
Wade () only permits abortions up to 24 weeks, and after that time only to save the life of the mother. This false perception — fueled in large part by groups supporting abortion . Roe v. Wade grounds constitutional protections for women’s decision whether to end a pregnancy in the Due Process Clauses.
But in the forty years since Roe, the U.S. Supreme Court has come to understand the abortion right as an equality right, as well as a liberty right. In this Essay, we describe some distinctive features of equality .