Development[ edit ] A map showing approximate areas of various Mississippian and related cultures. Cahokia is located near the center of this map in the upper part of the Middle Mississippi area. Although some evidence exists of occupation during the Late Archaic period around BCE in and around the site,  Cahokia as it is now defined was settled around CE during the Late Woodland period.
Carved pipe in form of a frog holding a rattle from which streams rain. Called the Rattler Frog Pipe; discovered in a burial mound along the bluffs near Cahokia Extraordinarily large Ramey Incised Jar corn kernals are modern.
The exceptional size of this bowl would suggest a special offering or feasting function. Beaker form with incised decoration associated with solar observation. Similar to the pottery beaker found in pit Feature near the winter solstice sighting pole.
Cahokia was the capital city of a powerful Native American kingdom. Other archaeologists would disagree and classify the site as the seat of a powerful chiefdom or at least a chiefdom failing to become a state as Lekson We have spent over 30 years working in both Middle Eastern and New World archaeology.
Cahokia has the same grand scale and high degree of planning that can be recognized at Bronze Age cities such as Mari, Narwa, Urkish, and Ebla all in Syria. Sacrificed retainers in rich tombs like Mound 72 parallel the Early Bronze discoveries at Ur in Iraq.
Because Cahokia used timber and earth for monumental buildings instead of stone and stucco. Cahokia is remarkably larger and far more complex than the monumental sites associated with the chiefdom that governed the Hawaiian islands. Cahokia was an incipient immature state.
This position is presented in our discussion of Cahokian religion Fuller and Fuller Monks mound looking east, photographed during summer of with sunshades for the ongoing excavations.
Sunshades over excavation pits, summer Excavation form from the field season. Plain of features discovered from the field season. Washington University archaeology team working with the traces of Mound 34 Professor John Kelly Washington University supervises the summer excavation to trace the East Palisade.
Excavation units tracing the East Palisade during summer Post mold uncovered during the summer of excavaion along the East Palisade.
Tooth and long bone of white tailed deer from the summer excavation along the East Palisade. Pottery sherds from the summer excavation along the East Palisade. Burlington chert Crescent Quarry? Upper, Burlington Crescent Quarry? Papers in Honor of Melvin L.
Illinois State Museum, Springfield.
Illinois Archaeological Survey Bulletin A Historical Atlas of Cahokia Archaeology. Ahler The Mound 72 Area: Dedicated and Sacred Space in Early Cahokia.
Illiinois State Museum Reports of Investigations Edited by Raymond Scupin. Upper Saddle River, NJ. Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. The Political Capital of the 'Ramey' State. Preston Holder's - excavations of Kunnemann Mound.
University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.The Cahokia Mounds Museum Society is a not-for-profit organization founded in to support the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
Cahokia: Ancient America’s Great City on the Mississippi Essay Words 5 Pages Cahokia: Ancient America’s Great City on the Mississippi, by Timothy R. Pauketat, is on the history, society, and religious customs of the Cahokian people.
Jan 28, · Image courtesy Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. For a large and thriving culture, this was life in the American Midwest, years before Columbus. Other Recommended Sites: Just ten miles northwest of Cahokia Mounds, the Lewis and Clark State Historic Site marks the official starting point of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Cahokia is the largest Native American settlement in North America (Schilling ). Located in the central Mississippi valley in a section known as the “American Bottom” (Schilling ). Cahokia consists of at least mounds spanning over five square miles (Delta Sources and Resources ). The Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site was designated a National Historic Landmark in and as a World Heritage Site in The site features a variety of special events, craft classes, lecture series, tours and other programs year round.
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary World Heritage Sites in the United States. Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site Cahokia Mounds World Heritage Site (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites In The United States.