Definitions[ edit ] Dissociationthe term that underlies the dissociative disorders including DID, lacks a precise, empirical, and generally agreed upon definition. Thus it is unknown if there is a common root underlying all dissociative experiences, or if the range of mild to severe symptoms is a result of different etiologies and biological structures. Psychiatrist Paulette Gillig draws a distinction between an "ego state" behaviors and experiences possessing permeable boundaries with other such states but united by a common sense of self and the term "alters" each of which may have a separate autobiographical memoryindependent initiative and a sense of ownership over individual behavior commonly used in discussions of DID. Efforts to psychometrically distinguish between normal and pathological dissociation have been made, but they have not been universally accepted.
Imaging tests X-rays and MRI scans can identify whether symptoms are related to brain injuries or neurological abnormalities.
EEG electroencephalogram scans can track brain waves, allowing doctors to detect problems associated with the brain's electrical activity, such as epilepsy.
To be diagnosed with FND, people: A review suggests that the misdiagnosis rate for FND has averaged at approximately 5 percent since Another report indicates that 41 percent of people with rare diseases will be misdiagnosed at least once.
A rare autoimmune disorder characterized by muscle weakness and pain.
A psychological disorder characterized by excessive thoughts about having an undiagnosed illness. An autoimmune disease with symptoms including fatigue and joint pain. A muscle weakness disorder.
Disorders which affect the central nervous systemsuch as epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, polyneuropathy, and Parkinson's disease.
Treatment Physical therapy may help to treat the physical symptoms of FND. Symptoms can resolve without treatment in some people with FND, particularly after they are assured that their symptoms are not related to a more serious health condition.
However, treatments may be beneficial for those with: People with FND related to a stressful or traumatic event, or an underlying mental health condition, may benefit from working with a psychotherapist or psychologist.
The physical symptoms of FND, such as impaired movement or muscle weakness or pain, may be treated with physical therapy.
Anti-anxiety drugs or antidepressants may help to treat the stress or anxiety that contributed to the onset of FND. Transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS. This treatment uses magnetic fields to stimulate certain parts of the brain. Engaging in activities that alleviate stress and anxiety, such as yogameditation, and progressive muscle relaxation, may be helpful for some people with FND.
Eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, fostering positive relationships, and maintaining a good quality of life also contribute to stress reduction.
Outlook The duration and severity of symptoms vary from person to person. Typically, the symptoms are not life-threatening, but complications that arise may be debilitating or decrease a person's quality of life.
Once reassured that their symptoms are not related to a physical condition or serious illness, many people with FND recover.
However, some people may experience ongoing symptoms, recurring symptoms, or the development of new symptoms at a later stage, particularly if:Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder and affects people of all ages.
Epilepsy means the same thing as "seizure disorders." Epilepsy is characterized by unpredictable seizures and can cause other health problems. Epilepsy is a spectrum condition with a wide range of seizure types and control varying from person-to-person. Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD) is a disorder characterized by a continual presence of sensory disturbances, most commonly visual, that are reminiscent of those generated by the use of hallucinogenic substances.
Many of the characteristics of this disorder can be mistaken for anxiety or panic related disorders by physicians. Nov 02, · What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral palsy refers to a group of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement and muscle coordination Cerebral palsy (CP) is caused by damage to or abnormalities inside the developing brain that disrupt the brain’s ability to control movement and maintain posture and balance.
Epilepsy is a common neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures. Seizures occur when a sudden surge of electrical activity causes a temporary disturbance in the brain’s.
In moderate doses caffeine has mainly positive effects for most people. But it increases production of cortisol, which can lead to health problems including anxiety, weight gain and heart disease. Symptomatic epilepsy comprises cases in which the seizures are one of the clinical manifestations of a neurological disorder, such as tuberous sclerosis, Sturge-Weber syndrome, and cerebral degenerative diseases.