Poverty and Educational Attainment, Part I Posted on by Brian In recent week, several excellent publications have crossed my desk or shown up on the Internet resources I read regularly. Everyone knows poverty impedes learning, but the well-know reform leaders, ostrich-like, refuse to confront the realities that researchers have elucidated again and again.
How Does Poverty Affect Education?
April 10, Updated On: When it comes to poverty and education, many children face difficult situations. As a result, they are commonly behind their classmates physically, socially, emotionally or cognitively. Physical Readiness There are three ways poverty affects physical development.
The first is the role of nutrition. The diets of students who live in poverty are rarely balanced or nutritious. Fresh foods are more expensive than pre-packaged alternatives, and inexpensive fast food is readily available. The hectic working conditions involved with two parents holding multiple jobs to pay the bills results in hurried, unhealthy meals.
Children in these families must often look after themselves, meaning there is no adult supervision of their eating habits.
Secondly, improper nutrition leads to poor health. When children do not eat regular, well-balanced meals, their bodies are more susceptible to a variety of illnesses, like untreated ear infections and asthma.
Students who suffer from these chronic health issues are absent more often than other students, which causes them to fall behind. Thirdly, the lack of physical activity in students who live in poverty affects their concentration.
Some families of students who live in poorer neighborhoods do not believe it is safe for their young children to play outside; even if there is a playground or park nearby, the violence associated with these neighborhoods keeps families indoors.
Social-Emotional Readiness It is also important to consider how emotions relate to poverty and education. Students who live in poverty-stricken families encounter many situations that can seriously affect them socially and emotionally. Studies show that many of these students live in single-parent households.
They may act out in different ways. Some students are more aggressive and talk back to teachers using inappropriate language. Other students disconnect themselves and become passive — they do not respond to questions or requests.
Without stress relief, these students will struggle at school. Whether they act out or check out, poverty will have an effect on their development.
Students who believe that their station in life will never change may go to little or no effort to succeed. The influence of an encouraging teacher can offset this negative impact. Some children have short attention spans, some are highly distractible, and some cannot effectively monitor the quality of their own work.When it comes to poverty and education, many children face difficult situations.
According to Carlos Lee in his doctoral dissertation, Evaluating the Effectiveness of Supplemental Educational Services in Large Texas School Districts, “Poverty, regardless of level, is robustly linked to reduced academic achievement.”Students who live in poverty come to school every day without the proper.
One problem that has puzzled observers of education for some time is the fact that after controlling for poverty, black achievement is still lower than white achievement, and some conclude from this that they have now disposed of background characteristics and can be certain that an important cause of the achievement gap must be poorly.
Experiences of poverty and educational disadvantage Round-up Reviewing the evidence Children growing up in • White children in poverty have on average lower educational achievement and are more likely to continue to under-achieve.
Boys poverty is a lack of opportunities among parents with. Standardized intelligence tests show a correlation between poverty and lower cognitive achievement, and low-SES kids often earn below-average scores in reading, math, and .
Often, “achievement gap” refers to racial disparities in academic achievement—the fact that students of color tend to lag behind their white peers in terms of school readiness, test scores, educational attainment, and grades.
Experiences of poverty and educational disadvantage Round-up Reviewing the evidence Children growing up in Education and Poverty programme • White children in poverty have on average lower educational achievement and are more likely to continue to under-achieve.