Rosalie Murphy Baum Classroom Issues and Strategies The popularity of the captivity narrative during the Puritan period is being repeated today among students who vicariously enjoy the narrators' experiences and realize the effect such narratives have had on popular frontier and Wild West adventure stories. To many students already familiar with Rowlandson's Narrative, John Williams's narrative is especially welcome--not simply because it offers a male version of captivity, but also because it describes captivity both by the Indians for eight weeks and by the French for two years. The primary difficulty students have in reading the narrative lies in their lack of knowledge of the French and Indian War and of the differences between Roman Catholicism and Puritanism.
Calvinism Puritanism broadly refers to a diverse religious reform movement in Britain committed to the continental Reformed tradition. They believed that all of their beliefs should be based on the Biblewhich they considered to be divinely inspired.
After the fall of manhuman nature was corrupted by original sin and unable to fulfill the covenant of works, since each person inevitably violated God's law as expressed in the Ten Commandments. As sinners, every person deserved damnation. According to covenant theology, Christ's sacrifice on the cross made possible the covenant of graceby which those selected by God could be saved.
Puritans believed in unconditional election and irresistible grace —God's grace was given freely without condition to the elect and could not be refused.
It held that God's predestination was not "impersonal and mechanical" but was a "covenant of grace" that one entered into by faith. Therefore, being a Christian could never be reduced to simple "intellectual acknowledgment" of the The puritan myth of Christianity.
Puritans agreed "that the effectual call of each elect saint of God would always come as an individuated personal encounter with God's promises".
Over time, however, Puritan theologians developed a framework for authentic religious experience based on their own experiences as well as those of their parishioners. Eventually, Puritans came to regard a specific conversion experience as an essential mark of one's election.
It began with a preparatory phase designed to produce contrition for sin through introspectionBible study and listening to preaching. This was followed by humiliationwhen the sinner realized that he or she was helpless to break free from sin and that their good works could never earn forgiveness.
For some Puritans, this was a dramatic experience and they referred to it as being born again. Historian Perry Miller wrote that the Puritans "liberated men from the treadmill of indulgences and penancesbut cast them on the iron couch of introspection".
Puritan clergy wrote many spiritual guides to help their parishioners pursue personal piety and sanctification. Many Puritans relied on both personal religious experience and self-examination to assess their spiritual condition.
Reformed baptismal theologyLord's Supper in Reformed theologyand Puritan Sabbatarianism The sermon was central to Puritan public worship. The sermon was not only a means of religious education; Puritans believed it was the most common way that God prepared a sinner's heart for conversion.
They rejected confirmation as unnecessary. Most Puritans practiced infant baptismbut a minority held credobaptist beliefs.
Those who baptized infants understood it through the lens of covenant theology, believing that baptism had replaced circumcision as a sign of the covenant and marked a child's admission into the visible church. In "A Discourse on the Nature of Regeneration", Stephen Charnock distinguished regeneration from "external baptism" writing that baptism "confers not grace" but rather is a means of conveying the grace of regeneration only "when the [Holy] Spirit is pleased to operate with it".
Therefore, one cannot assume that baptism produces regeneration. The Westminster Confession states that the grace of baptism is only effective for those who are among the elect; however, its effects are not tied to the moment of baptism but lies dormant until one experiences conversion later in life.
Instead, Puritans embraced the Reformed doctrine of real spiritual presence, believing that in the Lord's Supper the faithful receive Christ spiritually.
In agreement with Thomas Cranmerthe Puritans stressed "that Christ comes down to us in the sacrament by His Word and Spirit, offering Himself as our spiritual food and drink". The episcopalians known as the prelatical party were conservatives who supported retaining bishops if those leaders supported reform and agreed to share power with local churches.
In addition, these Puritans called for a renewal of preaching, pastoral care and Christian discipline within the Church of England. The Westminster Assembly proposed the creation of a presbyterian system, but the Long Parliament left implementation to local authorities.
As a result, the Church of England never developed a complete presbyterian hierarchy. Furthermore, the sacraments would only be administered to those in the church covenant.How would you dispel that myth? The Startling Puritan The message of the greatest communicator of his age.
J. I. Packer. Trending. The Apostle Paul and His Times: Christian History Timeline. The Puritan Legacy At the heart of so many works of American history and literature is the interplay between symbol, image, and myth. American historians and writers are concerned with the origins of symbol, image, and myth, as well as the process by which they confound our sense of reality and history.
♦ Healthy Perspectives blogs are written by Puritan’s Pride associates and bloggers compensated by Puritan's Pride; opinions expressed are their own. ** These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The literature on Puritans, particularly biographical literature on individual Puritan ministers, was already voluminous in the 17th century and, indeed, the interests of Puritans in the narratives of early life and conversions made the recording of the internal lives important to them.
The "Puritan myth" is the unsupported theory that a small group of Mayflower settlers, many of them religious Separatists, founded the United States, and that, therefore, this is a Christian nation.
The Story upon a Hill: The Puritan Myth in Contemporary American Fiction analyzes the work of several of the most important contemporary writers in the United States as reinterpreting commonplace narratives of the country’s origins with a keen eye on the effects of .